Employment Contract Details
Contracts must be written in French to be legally valid. Bilingual wording is permitted if requested by the employee. Contracts must always be in writing and specify the type of employment agreed, trial period, restrictive covenants, bonuses and notice.
The minimum probation period is 3 months and the maximum is 6 months. Probation period is not mandatory.
Minimum Wage Requirements
Minimum Wage is EUR 1554,62 per month. Collective agreements may provide for higher minimum wages. For instance, for EOR minimum wage is EUR 2,800 per month.
Maximum working hours and overtime
Legal working hours are maximum 35 hours per week.
Bonus and Expense Payments
Bonuses may be paid. They can either be discretionary or contractual. Discretionary bonuses are at employer’s discretion and are treated as salary. Contractual bonuses are part of salary and can only be modified with employee’s consent. Terms and conditions are determined by the parties and must be included in the employment agreement to be enforced.
Parents are entitled to take parental leave if they have at least one year’s continuous service. The leave may start after the end of the maternity leave or the adoptive parents adoption leave. One of the parents may take the full allocation of parental leave, or the two parents may share it.
- Maternity leave: it can start 8 weeks before birth and extends up to 10 weeks after childbirth. Employees undergoing multiple births are entitled to maximum 24 weeks before childbirth and 22 weeks after childbirth. Collective agreements grant additional maternity leave. During maternity leave, employees receive an indemnity from the social security authorities if conditions are met. Maternity leave will be paid by the employer, but will be refunded by Social Security.
- Paternity leave: the entitlement is to 25 calendar days of leave. The leave must generally start in the after the child’s birth up to thw 6th month. An employee who wants to take paternity leave must give the employer at least one month’s notice. Social Security will be responsible for the payment.
After the first 3 days of a period of sickness absence, employees are entitled to receive daily sickness benefits from the sickness and insurance fund if they meet eligibility requirements (in terms of employment or contribution history). Benefits are generally set at 50% of the employee’s basic pay, up to a cap. Eligible employees are generally entitled to no more than 360 days of benefits in any three-year period.