Employment Contract Details
There are no specific rules governing the language for employment contracts as long as the employee understands the contract language. Bilingual wording is recommended for employees without the relevant language skills. Contracts must be in writing.
The maximum probation period is 6 months.
Minimum Wage Requirements
There are no provisions regarding minimum salary stipulated in law.
Maximum working hours and overtime
Working hours are generally 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week at most. It is common practice to work 5 days a week, though some flexibility is allowed for certain sectors and undertakings.
Bonus and expense payments
The bonus for the 13th salary is not mandatory for all employees in Finland. This benefit will depend on the person's work area. It will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis.
Employees are entitled to 158 working days of parental leave immediately after the end of the maternity leave. As a result, the total length of maternity and parental leave corresponds to approximately 9 months. Parental leave can be taken by either parent. In addition, an employee is entitled to childcare leave from the day parental leave ends until the child turns 3 years old.Only one of the parents may take the same time but they may share the leave between them.
- Maternity leave: employees are entitled to 105 working days of maternity leave. Employers are not required to pay salary during this period. However, many collective agreements require the employer to pay full salary for the first 3 months.
- Paternity leave: employees are entitled to take paternity leave of a total of 54 working days. A maximum of 18 workdays may be taken whilst the partner is on maternity or parental leave.
Entitlement to sick leave from the state social insurance fund commences 9 working days after the illness begins. Generally, the employer will pay the employee's wages during this waiting period.