Employment Contract Details
Contracts must always be in writing and specify the type of agreed employment, trial period, restrictive covenants and notice. There are specific rules governing the language used to write employment contracts due to linguistic diversity from region to region in Belgium.Contract backdating
Contracts must be signed at least 5 days before start date ****as employee needs to be registered by employer before start date.
There is no probation for contracts starting on and after January 2014 in Belgium.
Minimum Wage Requirements
The minimum wage in Belgium is EUR 1,593.81 per month.
Maximum working hours and overtime
Normal working time is generally 38 hours per week. However workers can work up to 40 effective hours of work if 12 compensatory days for the rest the year are granted. Work exceeding 40 hours per week entitles the worker to overtime payment.
Bonus and expense payments
There is no mandatory requirement relating to the payment of bonuses. A 13th month salary payment may be applicable depending on the Collective Bargaining Agreement that is in force.
Working parents are entitled to 4 months’ parental leave if they have at least 12 months’ service with their employer (in total, during the previous 15 months). The entitlement is an individual and parents can take leave together or at different times. It must be taken before the child turns 12 years old (or 21 if the child has a disability).
- Maternity leave starts 6 weeks before birth and extends up to 9 weeks after the baby is born. During maternity leave, employees receive an allowance equal to 82% of the average of the last 3 gross salaries during the first 30 days of maternity leave and 75% of the monthly gross salary from the 31st day of maternity until the end of the post-natal leave.
- Paternity Leave: employees are entitled to 10 days of paternity leave within the 4 months following the birth. While the first 3 days are paid in full by the employer, the next 7 are paid by the authorities at 82% of the national capped daily gross salary.
In order to be entitled to paid sick leave, the employee must inform the employer of the absence as soon as possible and (generally) supply a medical certificate.Following the 30 days period of the employers obligation to pay, employees who continue to be absent are generally entitled to sickness benefit of 60% for the first year.